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Piazza del Popolo: 5 Essential Guides for Rome’s Famous Square

Piazza del Popolo is a large urban square located in Rome, Italy. The name of the square, which means “People’s Square” in modern Italian, is derived from the poplar trees that once grew in the area. The square has a rich history and is home to several notable landmarks.

At the center of the square stands an ancient Egyptian obelisk, which was brought to Rome in ancient times. The obelisk is surrounded by fountains and statues and is one of the most popular attractions in the square. The square hosts churches like the Basilica of Santa Maria del Popolo, featuring art by Caravaggio and other renowned artists.

Piazza del Popolo is a must-visit destination for anyone traveling to Rome. With its stunning architecture, rich history, and numerous landmarks, the square is a testament to the city’s cultural heritage and is a popular spot for tourists and locals alike.

1. Historical Significance

Piazza Del Popolo photo by ernesto scarponi

Piazza Del Popolo has a long and fascinating history that dates back to ancient Roman times. Over the centuries, the square has undergone several changes and renovations, making it a popular tourist destination today. This section highlights Piazza Del Popolo’s historical importance from ancient Rome to the modern era.

Ancient Roman Times

Model of the ancient Campus Martius photo by Wikimedia

Originally known as the “Campus Martius,” Piazza Del Popolo was used as a military training ground by the Romans. The square was also used for public gatherings, games, and festivals. The name “Popolo” comes from the Latin word “Populus,” which means “people.” The square was named in honor of the people of Rome who used it for various events.

See Also Italian Renaissance

Renaissance and Baroque Periods

Pope Alexander VII painting by Giovanni Battista Gaulli

During the Renaissance period, Piazza Del Popolo became a popular meeting place for the people of Rome. The square hosted public executions and events. In the 17th century, Pope Alexander VII led a significant renovation of the square. In the Renaissance, the square saw major changes by architects Alberti and Bernini.

During the Baroque period, Piazza del Popolo reached its peak, notably with Gian Lorenzo Bernini’s Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi, showcasing Baroque theatricality and emotion. Piazza del Popolo shows how great art was made in two different but similar times.

Modern Era

Piazza del Popolo photo by Gabriella Clare Marino

In the modern era, Piazza Del Popolo has become a popular tourist destination. The square is home to several famous landmarks, including the Obelisk of Ramses II, the Santa Maria del Popolo church, and the Porta del Popolo. The square is also surrounded by several famous streets, including Via del Corso and Via di Ripetta.

Porta del Popolo

Porta del Popolo photo by sandromars

The Porta del Popolo in Rome’s Piazza del Popolo is a historic neoclassical gateway, originally built in the 16th century by Pope Sixtus IV and redesigned by architect Giuseppe Valadier in the 19th century. It stands as a symbol of Rome’s rich history.

Via del Corso

Via del Corso photo by Kostas Chrstdls

Via del Corso is a lively and historic street in the center of Rome, Italy, known for its lively atmosphere and prominent position that connects Piazza del Popolo to Piazza Venezia. Lined with elegant shops, charming cafes, and iconic landmarks, this bustling avenue offers a delightful blend of shopping, culture, and architectural beauty.

Via di Ripetta

Via di Ripetta photo by user:Lalupa

Via di Ripetta is a charming street that winds its way around Piazza del Popolo, a historic square in the center of Rome, Italy. This picturesque thoroughfare is lined with elegant buildings, boutiques, and cafes, creating a delightful atmosphere for both locals and tourists.

2. Architectural Features

Winter on the Piazza del Popolo, Rome

Piazza Del Popolo is one of the most famous squares in Rome and is known for its impressive architectural features. Visitors can find several notable landmarks in the square, including the Obelisk of Ramesses II, Twin Churches, and Santa Maria del Popolo.

Obelisk of Ramesses II

Obelisk of Ramses II photo by Jim Gorringe

The Obelisk of Ramesses II is one of the most prominent features of Piazza Del Popolo. This ancient Egyptian obelisk stands at the center of the square and was brought to Rome in the 1st century AD. The obelisk is over 24 meters tall and weighs more than 330 tons. Visitors would appreciate the intricate hieroglyphics and discover the monument’s charming history.

Twin Churches

Twin Churches photo by emptyseas

The Twin Churches of Santa Maria in Montesanto and Santa Maria dei Miracoli are located on either side of the entrance to the Tridente from Piazza Del Popolo. These two churches were built in the 17th century and are known for their unique Baroque architecture. Visitors can admire the intricate facades and ornate interiors of these two churches.

Santa Maria del Popolo

Santa Maria del Popolo photo by Jakub Hałun

Santa Maria del Popolo is another impressive landmark in Piazza Del Popolo. This church was built in the 15th century and features beautiful Renaissance architecture. Visitors would be amazed by the stunning frescoes and artwork that adorn the interior of the church, including works by famous artists such as Caravaggio and Raphael.

3. Cultural Impact

Piazza Del Popolo photo by tomasc75

Piazza del Popolo has been a cultural hub in Rome for centuries, and its significance has manifested in various forms of art, literature, and cinema. Here are some of the ways the Piazza has impacted culture:

See Also Piazza Navona

Literature and Art

Sunset at Piazza del Popolo photo by Dmitry Tomashek

The Piazza has been the subject of many works of literature and art, including paintings, poems, and novels. In his book “The Roman Spring of Mrs. Stone,” Tennessee Williams describes the Piazza as “the most beautiful square in Rome.” The Piazza, a favorite among artists like Claude Lorrain, inspired numerous landscape paintings.


Piazza del Popolo photo by jwarletta

The Piazza has also played a significant role in cinema, with several films featuring scenes shot in the square. One of the most famous films set in the Piazza is Federico Fellini’s “La Dolce Vita,” which features the iconic scene of Anita Ekberg wading in the Trevi Fountain. The Piazza appeared in films like “The Talented Mr. Ripley” and “Angels and Demons.”

The Piazza has been a cultural center for centuries, and its significance continues to this day. Visitors can experience the Piazza’s rich history and cultural impact by exploring the area’s many museums, galleries, and landmarks, including the Church of Santa Maria del Popolo and the Egyptian Obelisk of Seti I.

4. Public Events and Social Gatherings

Rome Marathon photo by Aurt Giordano Miranda

Piazza Del Popolo, a longstanding cultural hub, hosts various events like festivals, concerts, and markets. Notably, its famous New Year’s Eve celebration draws thousands each year, transforming the square into a lively party with music, fireworks, and food stalls.

Apart from the New Year’s Eve celebration, Piazza Del Popolo is also known for hosting the annual Rome Marathon. The marathon starts and ends at the square, and the runners pass through some of the most iconic landmarks of the city, including the Colosseum, the Roman Forum, and the Vatican.

The square has also played a central role in major historical events, connecting the past with the present. Noteworthy is its usage as a location for public executions, last held in 1826. Today, the square is a symbol of unity and diversity, where people from different backgrounds come together to celebrate and enjoy the city’s rich culture.

In addition to the public events, Piazza Del Popolo is a popular spot for social gatherings. The square’s central location and the abundance of cafes and restaurants make it an ideal place to meet with friends or relax after a busy day of sightseeing. Visitors can also enjoy a stroll around the square, taking in the stunning views of the surrounding architecture and monuments.

5. Visitor Information

Twin churches and obelisk of Piazza dell Popolo photo by Neil Gilmour

Piazza del Popolo is a popular destination for visitors to Rome. Here is some essential information to help you plan your visit.

See Also Best of Rome

Opening Hours

Piazza del Popolo, Porta del Popolo photo by Jackpollock

The square is open 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. However, the opening hours of the surrounding attractions, such as the churches and museums, may vary. It is recommended that you check the opening hours of each attraction before visiting.


Piazza del Popolo photo by Gabriella Clare Marino

Piazza del Popolo is accessible to wheelchair users and those with mobility impairments. The square is flat and has level access from the surrounding streets. However, some of the attractions around the square may have limited accessibility. It is advisable to check with each attraction before visiting.

Guided Tours

Piazza del Popolo photo by Patrick Landy

Guided tours of Piazza del Popolo and the surrounding area are available. These tours can provide valuable insights into the history and culture of the square and the city of Rome. Visitors can choose from a variety of tours, including walking tours, bike tours, and Segway tours.

Visitors who are interested in the history of Piazza del Popolo will find that the square has a rich and fascinating past. Giuseppe Valadier designed the square in the early 19th century as a grand entrance to Rome. Today, it’s a popular destination offering stunning views and cultural attractions.

Piazza Del Popolo: The Essentials

Piazza Del Popolo is a large urban square located in Rome, Italy. The name of the square in modern Italian means “People’s Square”, but historically it derives from the poplars after which the church of Santa Maria del Popolo, in the northeast corner of the piazza, takes its name.

The present layout of the square was designed by the architect Giuseppe Valadier, who connected the square with the heights of Pincio Hill and built the walls around the square, giving it its oval shape. At the center of the square, visitors can admire the Egyptian Obelisk of Seti I, brought to Rome in 10 B.C. by Augustus.

The square is also home to several notable fountains, including the Fontana del Nettuno and the Fontana della Dea di Roma. The Barcaccia fountain, which is usually attributed to Pietro Bernini, is located in the nearby Piazza di Spagna.

Piazza Del Popolo has a rich history and has undergone several transformations over the centuries. It was once the site of public executions, but today it is a popular tourist destination and a gathering place for locals. Visitors would enjoy the beautiful architecture, stunning fountains, and lively atmosphere of this historic square.