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National Food of Spain: Top 20 Dishes

Welcome to a tempting travel through the heart and soul of Spanish cuisine. As we start this culinary exploration, you might find yourself pondering questions about Spain’s iconic dishes, dining customs, and the lively flavors that define its gastronomic landscape.

In this article, we’ll uncover the top dishes that define Spain’s national cuisine, explore traditional favorites enjoyed by locals and visitors alike, and introduce the spices and techniques that make Spanish cooking truly exceptional.

Join us as we uncover the secrets of Spanish dining etiquette, from the art of the toast to the proper use of utensils, ensuring you’re well-prepared to conduct any dining experience with finesse and flair.

Top 8 National Food of Spain

1. Paella

photo by Charles Haynes

Paella, praised as Spain’s national dish finds its roots in Valencia, where it was traditionally cooked over open fires by mixing rice with rabbit, snails, and vegetables. Today, it boasts countless variations, incorporating seafood, meat, or vegetables. Essential to its flavor profile is the bomba or Calasparra rice, renowned for its ability to absorb the dish’s plentiful flavors, complemented by saffron for its signature golden tone.

2. Gazpacho

photo by Amy Ross

Gazpacho, a chilled soup originating from Andalucía, marries the freshest ingredients; ripe tomatoes, garlic, olive oil, peppers, cucumber, and bread; to create a refreshing culinary delight. Its lively red tint and smooth texture make it a staple during hot summer days, whether enjoyed daily in southern Spain or served in tapas bars, offering a delightful taste of Spanish culinary tradition.

3. Tortilla Espanola

photo by Victor Bayon

Tortilla Espanola, a universal dish in Spain, offers a comforting blend of eggs, potatoes, and onions, representing simplicity and flavor. Known as tortilla de patata, it’s a versatile delicacy served as tapas, snacks, or sandwich fillings, reflecting the heart of Spanish cuisine in its hearty and satisfying form.

4. Tostas de Tomate y Jamón

Tostas de tomate y jamón captures the soul of Spanish cuisine in a simple yet flavorful dish, featuring dry toast adorned with garlic-rubbed tomatoes and slices of marbled Ibérico ham. This quick and delicious lunch option shows the richness of Spain’s culinary heritage, with each bite offering a break of savory flavors and textures.

5. Jamon Serrano

photo by katiebordner

Jamon Serrano, a prized foodie delicacy in Spain, represents the model of air-dried cured ham craftsmanship. Made from various white pig breeds and cured for months, it shows the country’s deep-rooted appreciation for quality meat board. Whether enjoyed as a standalone indulgence or incorporated into various dishes, Jamon Serrano exemplifies Spain’s culinary excellence.

6. Patatas Bravas

photo by leo gonzales

Patatas Bravas, an ideal tapas dish, features crispy fried potatoes covered in a spicy brava sauce, showing a harmonious blend of sweet and spicy flavors. Variations abound across Spain, each with its own unique twist, but all sharing the common appeal of crispy potatoes bathed in a flavorful sauce, making it a beloved culinary staple.

7. Cochinillo Asado

photo by Javier Lastras

Cochinillo Asado, a culinary delight from Segovia, beckons food fans with its delicate, wood-fired roasted piglet or lamb. Served alongside potatoes, this dish represents the art of traditional Spanish cooking, where simplicity meets pleasure, creating a gastronomic experience that’s both memorable and satisfying.

8. Bacalao

photo by Jorge Díaz

Bacalao, or salted cod, holds a cherished place in Spanish cuisine, having been brought back by fishermen from distant waters and preserved through salting. Prepared in various dishes, one notable version is Bacalao al pil-pil, a Basque specialty featuring olive oil, garlic, and the fish’s own juices, highlighting the rich culinary heritage of Spain’s coastal regions.

7 Traditional Dishes to Eat

9. Croquetas

photo by su-lin

Croquetas, a beloved Spanish delicacy, feature thick béchamel infused with flavors like jamon serrano, mushrooms, or meat, encased in a crispy golden shell of egg and breadcrumbs through frying. These delicious bites offer a delightful contrast of creamy interiors and crunchy exteriors, making them a cherished appetizer or tapas choice across Spain.

10. Tapas

photo by Arnaud 25

Tapas, synonymous with Spanish culinary culture, incorporates a range of small dishes served in bars, originating from the practice of covering drinks with small plates to keep out dust and flies. Pinchos, or pintxos in Basque, heighten tapas by featuring various ingredients skewered onto bread slices with toothpicks, offering a diverse and flavorful experience with every bite.

11. Pimientos de Padrón

photo by Javier Lastras

Pimientos de Padrón, welcoming from Galicia, are a tapas classic known for their mild flavor, although occasional spicy surprises may arise. These small green peppers are sautéed in olive oil with garlic, then sprinkled with sea salt, creating a simple yet addictive dish that captures the heart of Spanish cuisine.

12. Boquerones

photo by Tamorlan

Boquerones, flavored anchovies, symbolize Spanish coastal cuisine with their delicate flavors and refreshing preparation. Marinated in vinegar and salt water, then enhanced with garlic, olive oil, and parsley, these anchovy fillets offer a burst of flavor perfect for enjoying alongside a cold beer, particularly during the summertime.

13. Gambas Pil Pil

photo by Robert

Gambas Pil Pil, also known as Gambas al Ajillo, shows plump, juicy prawns cooked in olive oil with garlic and sweet paprika, then garnished with parsley. This aromatic dish offers a harmonious blend of spicy, garlicky flavors, making it a popular choice for tapas fans seeking a taste of Spanish culinary tradition.

14. Pescado Frito

photo by Joel Abroad

Pescado Frito, a beloved Spanish proficiency, features a mixture of fish and seafood lightly soaked in flour and fried to crispy perfection in hot olive oil. Whether it’s fresh anchovies, hake, sole, prawns, or squid rings, this mixed fish fry offers a delightful combination of crunchy exteriors and moist, flavorful interiors, reflecting the heart of Spanish coastal cuisine.

15. Carrillada

photo by Kirk K

Carrillada, whether made from pork or beef cheeks, is evident in Spanish culinary craftsmanship, featuring tender meat braised in flavorful sauces. Whether served with potatoes, chips, or on its own, Carrillada shows the rich flavors and textures of Spanish meats, with options like Carrillada Ibérica, made from the finest pork cheeks, or Carrillada de Ternera, which pairs beautifully with Pedro Ximénez wine.

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Spices: The Heart of Spanish Cooking

photo by Trent Strohm

The vitality and appeal of Spanish cuisine are deeply interlinked with the aromatic richness of its herbs and spices. From bay leaves to garlic, each ingredient contributes to the complexity and depth of flavor that characterizes Spanish dishes. Laurel, or bay leaf, infuses soups and stews with its minty sweetness, while pimentón, the lively Spanish paprika, adds color and intensity to sauces and meats.

Saffron, the prized crimson spice, conveys its luxurious heart to iconic dishes like paella, enriching them into culinary masterpieces. In the area of fresh herbs, parsley reigns supreme, not only adorning dishes with its flourishing beauty but also enhancing their taste with its delicate flavor. With each spread of cayenne pepper or addition of ñora, Spanish cuisine comes alive, inviting diners on a sensory tour that attracts the palate and ignites the soul.

From the fiery warmth of cayenne pepper to the earthy richness of pimentón, each spice tells a story of Spain’s diverse culinary landscape, inviting both novice cooks and seasoned chefs alike to enjoy the magic of Spanish cuisine.

Spanish Family Dining

photo by Kampus Production

In the heart of a Spanish household, dining isn’t just about satisfying hunger; it’s a lively celebration of culture and togetherness. From the crack of dawn, preparations for a grand feast commence, with everyone participating to create a culinary symphony that displays the core of Spanish cuisine.

Whether it’s an intimate gathering of immediate family or a busy affair with extended relatives and friends, the dining table becomes a stage for shared laughter, stories, and, of course, an abundance of tapas. Each dish tells a tale of tradition and heritage, from delicious seafood to savory meats, accompanied by fresh salads, hearty omelets, and indulgent cheeses.

No Spanish dinner is complete without the accompaniment of rich red wine, an evidence of the country’s esteemed winemaking heritage. As the evening unfolds into a joyous affair of music and dance, calories are forgotten in the hug of familial warmth and the spirited rhythms of flamenco, creating cherished memories that endure long after the last bite is savored.

As the wine flows and the music fills the air, the bonds of the family grow stronger, bridging the gap between continents with laughter, love, and the shared joy of a well-prepared meal. Among the chaos of the kitchen and the cacophony of voices, we find solace in the familiar rhythms of Spanish tradition, a reminder that no matter where life takes us, home is always just a bite away.

Street Food

16. Conchitas

photo by Maria Victoria Rodriguez

These small sweet doughnuts, cherished by none other than Hemingway himself, are an ideal Spanish delight. Crafted from a blend of yeast, bread flour, milk, and sugar, conchitas are a warm and comforting treat, perfect for a morning pick-me-up or a satisfying snack any time of day. Served fresh from street carts, their tempting aroma beckons passersby to enjoy their pillowy softness and subtle sweetness.

17. Chorizo

photo by Ewan Munro

A symbol of Spanish culinary mastery, chorizos boast a distinctive red color and smoky flavor derived from the infusion of paprika, the symbol of Spanish spice. Fermented, smoked, and cured to perfection, these savory sausages are a staple across Europe, but it’s the streets of Spain where they truly shine. Whether enjoyed nestled in a sandwich or soaked in apple cider, chorizos offer a tempting taste of Spanish street food culture.

18. Empanadas

photo by jules

Blowing up with flavor and versatility, empanadas are a beloved Spanish street food found in busy cities like Barcelona and Madrid. These savory pastries, filled with a range of meats, cheeses, or vegetables, serve as both appetizers and hearty main dishes. Accompanied by a variety of sauces, from tangy ketchup to creamy mayonnaise, empanadas offer a culinary adventure with each bite, satisfying cravings and delighting taste buds alike.

19. Bocadillo

photo by Adrinon

The symbol of a Spanish lunchtime staple, the bocadillo charms with its sweet Spanish bread and customizable fillings. Widely available at tapas bars and restaurants, this hearty sandwich is a favorite among locals for its simplicity and strong flavors. Whether adorned with mustard, tomato sauce, or creamy mayonnaise, the bocadillo pairs perfectly with a range of beverages, from refreshing beer to strong wine, making it a cherished part of Spanish street food culture.

20. Pinchitos

photo by Margarida

A tempting twist on the classic kebab, pinchitos tempt the taste buds with their tender skewered meat, often lamb or chicken, infused with a variety of herbs, spices, and olive oil. Served hot and spicy, these flavorful cubes of meat are a fixture in tapas bars across Spain, grilled to perfection over charcoal braziers. While a staple of Spanish street food, pinchitos also find popularity in distant lands like Venezuela, where they accompany aromatic rice dishes, showing their global appeal and culinary versatility.

Farm-to-Table Movement

In the heart of Spain, the farm-to-table movement thrives, exemplified by small modern-style restaurants like the one described. Here, the emphasis on freshness and quality shines through in every dish. From creamy burrata sourced directly from local farms to mussels that exceed expectations in both size and flavor, each ingredient tells a story of its travel from farm to table. The dedication to showing the best of what the region has to offer is evident in every bite, creating an unforgettable dining experience for patrons.

At this quaint establishment, the dedication to honoring the land and its bounty extends beyond basic ingredients; it fills the entire dining experience. With a small team of passionate individuals overseeing just a handful of tables, diners receive personalized attention and care that improve the meal to new heights.

From perfectly cooked fish, praised as the best ever tasted, to slices of duck with a rich, delicate flavor, every dish tells a tale of craftsmanship and respect for nature’s gifts. Rounded off with desserts like the delicious cheesecake de turron de chocolate and the delightful tartaleta Frutos, a meal at this Spanish farm-to-table gem is not just a culinary trip but evidence of the beauty of simplicity and quality in dining.

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Dining Etiquette

photo by alex roberts


1. Toast Properly: When toasting, they use “salud” (to their health) as the most common phrase.

2. Follow the Host’s Lead: They wait for the host to say “Buen apetito!” before starting to eat.

3. Utensil Etiquette: They keep their knife in the right hand and fork in the left throughout the meal and they lay them parallel to each other on the right side of the plate when finished.

4. Dessert Utensils: They use the fork and spoon above their plate for dessert.

5. Pass Food Correctly: They pass dishes to their left during meals.

6. Seating Protocol: they observe seating arrangements carefully, with the most honored guest seated to the right of the host.

7. Paying the Bill: Generally, the one who invites pays the bill, though other circumstances may determine otherwise.

8. Tipping: In restaurants, if gratuity isn’t included, they leave at least a 15% tip.


1. Start Eating Prematurely: They avoid beginning to eat until the host says “Buen apetito!”

2. Misuse of Utensils: They don’t switch knives and fork hands during the meal.

3. Cut Bread: They don’t cut the bread, instead, tear off pieces to eat.

4. Use of Hands: They keep their hands visible when not using utensils.

5. Discuss Business: They avoid discussing business matters during meals unless prompted by Spanish colleagues.

6. Assume Payment Responsibility: They don’t assume they’re responsible for paying the bill unless they’re the ones who extended the invitation or circumstances dictate otherwise.

Global Influence and Popularity

photo by Benjie Ordoñez

Spanish cuisine’s global popularity is evident in its ranking as the third-best cuisine in the world, according to TasteAtlas, a renowned experiential travel guide. Spanish food charms taste buds worldwide with its rich flavors and diverse dishes. The influence of Spanish colonialism further amplifies its reach, as beloved staples like paella and churros have found homes in Latin American cuisines, developing a shared culinary heritage across continents.

Moreover, the culture of Spanish tapas has overcome borders, inspiring small-plate dining trends and shaping food cultures globally. Spain’s culinary mastery extends beyond its borders, with the Mediterranean diet standing as one of its most significant contributions to gastronomy. Emphasizing olive oil, fresh vegetables, and seasonal ingredients, the Mediterranean diet highlights a healthy and flavorful tradition.

Key Takings About National Food of Spain

1. Top National Food of Spain: From the iconic paella to the savory patatas bravas, Spain’s national dishes represent a flavorful trip through the country’s culinary landscape.

2. Traditional Dishes to Eat: Examine more deeply Spanish cuisine with traditional favorites like croquetas, tapas, and gambas pil pil, each offering a unique taste of Spain’s rich gastronomic heritage.

3. Spices: The Heart of Spanish Cooking: Explore the aromatic richness of Spanish cuisine, where spices like saffron and pimentón infuse dishes with depth and complexity, creating culinary masterpieces.

4. Spanish Family Dining: Experience the lively tradition of Spanish family dining, where every meal is a celebration of culture, togetherness, and shared memories around the dinner table.

5. Street Food: Discover the busy world of Spanish street food, from the sweet conchitas to the savory chorizo, each bite offering a tempting glimpse into Spain’s dynamic culinary street culture.

6. Farm-to-Table Movement: Welcome the farm-to-table movement in Spain, where fresh, locally sourced ingredients take center stage in every dish, showing the country’s dedication to quality and continuity.

7. Dining Etiquette: Learn the dos and don’ts of Spanish dining etiquette, from properly toasting your companions to following seating protocols with grace and respect.

8. Global Influence and Popularity: Celebrate the global influence of Spanish cuisine, ranked among the world’s best and beloved for its rich flavors, diverse dishes, and enduring culinary traditions.