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National Food of Germany: Top 20 Dishes

Welcome to a tempting travel to the culinary wonders of Germany! As we start this flavorful expedition, you might find yourself examining: What delectable delights await us within the rich textile of German cuisine? How have centuries of tradition and innovation integrated to create the lively culinary landscape we know today? Fear not, for we shall reveal these mysteries together, soaking ourselves in the heart of German gastronomy.

Within the pages of this article, we present to you a comprehensive guide to the “National Food of Germany: Top 20 Dishes.” From beloved classics like Sauerbraten and Schnitzel to lesser known treasures such as Pinkel mit Grünkohl and Maultaschen, each dish represents a unique facet of German culinary heritage. Examine the tempting range of flavors, textures, and aromas that define German cuisine, and uncover the secrets behind these culinary masterpieces.

So, let us start this culinary voyage together, as we uncover the tempting flavors and eternal traditions that make German cuisine a true feast for the senses. Prost!

Top 9 National Foods of Germany

1. Sauerbraten

photo by Gourmandise

Sauerbraten, a cornerstone of German cuisine, presents a hearty pot roast typically crafted from beef, veal, or venison, though historically horse meat was used. This dish’s uniqueness lies in its dressing process, where the meat is soaked in a vinegar-based solution, infusing it with sourness before slow-cooking. Served alongside traditional accompaniments like potato dumplings and red cabbage, Sauerbraten represents the rich flavors of German comfort food.

2. Schnitzel

photo by Rkolarsky

While schnitzel may trace its roots to Italy, it has firmly rooted itself in German culinary culture, especially the pork or turkey variations. These thinly pounded and breaded fillets are fried to golden perfection, offering a satisfying crunch with every bite. What distinguishes German schnitzel is the range of delectable sauces poured generously atop, enhancing its delicious profile. Whether paired with mushroom sauce, bell pepper sauce, or a creamy option, schnitzel remains a beloved choice across German dining tables.

3. Pinkel mit Grünkohl

A winter delicacy originating from northwest Germany, Pinkel mit Grünkohl, exemplifies comfort food at its finest. This hearty dish features delicately cooked kale infused with flavors of mustard and bacon, accompanied by the distinctive “Pinkel” sausage, renowned for its blend of oats or barley, bacon, and spices. The tradition of enjoying Pinkel mit Grünkohl extends beyond the dinner table, often celebrated with jovial “Grünkohlfahrt” outings, where friends and family delight in lively tours followed by a warm enriched feast.

4. Knödel

photo by Benreis

Knödel, the perfect boiled dumplings, symbolizes German culinary tradition with their versatile composition. Whether fashioned from flour, bread, potatoes, or quark, these dumplings serve as the perfect complement to various meat dishes or enriching soups. Among the yummy variations, leberknödel stands out, offering a unique blend of flavors in a traditional clear broth, showing the culinary diversity inherent in German cuisine.

5. Maultaschen

photo by Like_the_Grand_Canyon

Hailing from southwestern Germany, Maultaschen presents a larger-than-life take on the classic dumplings, boasting generous fillings ranging from flavorful to sweet. These square pockets of dough, full of minced meat, breadcrumbs, and spinach, are proof of Swabian culinary heritage. Whether absorbed broth for a comforting meal or pan-fried for added enjoyment, Maultaschen charms palates with its rich flavors, earning recognition as a cherished regional specialty.

6. Reibekuchen

photo by Martin van Baal

Respected across Germany with its countless names, Reibekuchen emerges as a beloved comfort food, particularly cherished during festive seasons. These fried potato pancakes, crispy on the outside and tender within, evoke nostalgia and warmth with every bite. Whether adorned with applesauce or served atop rye bread, Reibekuchen fascinate taste buds year-round, displaying the heart of German culinary tradition.

7. Sausages

photo by Stefano A.

No exploration of German cuisine is complete without paying homage to its beloved sausages, particularly the iconic bratwurst. With over 40 varieties to choose from, these fried sausages delight food fans and traditionalists alike, whether enjoyed on the go or paired with classic accompaniments like sauerkraut or potato salad. An evident to Germany’s culinary mastery, bratwurst remains an enduring symbol of cultural heritage and gastronomic delight.

8. Bratkartoffeln

photo by Benreis

An essential side dish in German cuisine, Bratkartoffeln charm palates with their crispy exterior and tender insides. These thinly sliced pan-fried potatoes, infused with the richness of clarified butter and the sweetness of onions, offer a harmonious accompaniment to a numerous of main courses. Whether served alongside sausages, steaks, or roasts, Bratkartoffeln exemplifies the art of German comfort food, delighting diners with its eternal appeal.

9. Rouladen

photo by Thomas Kohler

Rouladen, meaning “rolled” in German, represents the art of meat rolls, showing a symphony of flavors within each delicate bite. These thinly sliced rolls, stuffed with bacon, onions, mustard, and pickles, offer a tempting blend of savory and tangy notes. Paired with traditional sides like sautéed red cabbage or sauerkraut, Rouladen represents the heart of German culinary heritage, gracing weekend and holiday menus with its eternal appeal.

Traditional 7 Dishes to Eat

10. Bratwurst

photo by Dennis Lamczak

Bratwurst stands as a symbol of traditional German fare, evoking images of roasting sausages on sunny afternoons. Crafted from a blend of ground pork, calf meat, or beef, these sausages are expertly seasoned and grilled or pan-fried to crispy perfection. Whether enjoyed with a dollop of mustard or nestled within a soft bun, bratwurst finds its perfect companions in sides like sauerkraut or potato salad, making it a cherished staple at pubs and fast-food joints alike across Germany.

11. Braised Cabbage

photo by Dome Poon

Braised cabbage, a cornerstone of German culinary heritage, offers a tempting blend of flavors and textures. Typically prepared by boiling gently cabbage with broth and vegetables, this dish radiates warmth and comfort with every spoonful. While variations abound, some recipes incorporate apple cider vinegar, adding a complex tang that beautifully complements the smoky richness of bratwurst. Whether served as a side or enjoyed on its own, braised cabbage displays the soulful heart of German comfort food.

12. Labskaus

Originating from northern Germany, Labskaus is a dish soaked in aquatic history, beloved by sailors for its simplicity and support. Despite its unassuming appearance, Labskaus charms with its unique blend of corned beef, potatoes, and onions, forming a hearty porridge-like consistency. Accompanied by lively elements like beets, herring, pickles, and a fried egg, Labskaus offers a symphony of flavors that goes beyond initial impressions, inviting diners to enjoy its rustic charm and seafaring heritage.

13. Rote Grütze

photo by Jocian

Rote Grütze, a cherished summer dessert in northern Germany and Denmark, celebrates the lively flavors of ripe berries in a delightful compote. Crafted from slow-cooked red fruits like strawberries, red currants, and cherries with sugar and vanilla, this refreshing treat offers a burst of sweetness with each spoonful. Whether enjoyed as a self-contained dessert or incorporated into various culinary creations, Rote Grütze captures the heart of summer’s bounty, inviting indulgence with its luscious appeal.

14. Sauerkraut Soup

photo by John Ong

Sauerkraut soup emerges as a yummy delight, offering a comforting blend of flavors and nourishment. At its heart lies spicy sauerkraut, complemented by savory bacon, vegetables, and hearty white beans, all soaked in a rich chicken-based broth. Served alongside crusty bread or fried potatoes, this soup provides a satisfying balance of saltiness and warmth, making it a welcome addition to any table, particularly for those adoring the spicy apeal of sauerkraut.

15. Schweinshaxen

photo by Alpha

A culinary icon of Bavaria, Schweinshaxen represents the luxurious pleasures of slow-roasted pork knuckle. Respected for its crispy skin and delicious meat, this Bavarian delicacy delights diners with its tempting flavors and delicate texture. Served alongside velvety gravy and hearty potato dumplings, Schweinshaxen offers a feast fit for any occasion, evoking the hearty traditions and hospitable spirit of Bavarian cuisine.

16. Spargel

photo by Benreis

As spring blossoms across Germany, Spargel dominates supreme, signaling the much-anticipated arrival of asparagus season. Respected for its delicate flavor and delicate texture, white vegetable takes center stage in a range of culinary creations, from salads to soups and beyond. Traditionally served with hollandaise sauce, boiled potatoes, and delicious ham, Spargel displays the heart of seasonal treat, inviting diners to celebrate the bounty of spring with each delectable bite.

See Also German Dating Culture

Spices: The Heart of German Cooking

photo by Anna Pou

German kitchens show off a distinctive range of spices essential for crafting traditional recipes. Among these staples are borage, bay leaves, caraway seeds, juniper berries, chives, and dill, along with common herbs like thyme and parsley. These flavors infuse classic German dishes with depth and aroma, improving culinary creations with their unique profiles.

While German cuisine is renowned for its strong seasoning, it tends to shy away from intense spiciness, making garlic an uncommon addition due to its perceived lack of compatibility with traditional flavors.

Beyond their culinary attraction, German spices offer a host of health benefits. Paprika, derived from dried and powdered red pepper, boasts capsaicin renowned for its anti-inflammatory properties and antioxidant-rich composition. Similarly, cardamom, ginger, and mustard seeds present in German cuisine contribute to improved digestion, reduced inflammation, and enhanced heart health, thanks to their nutrient-packed profiles.

Whether incorporated into savory dishes or baked treats, these spices not only enhance flavor but also promote overall well-being, making them indispensable additions to any kitchen pantry.

German Family Dining

photo by Barbara Ann Spengler

An ideal German dinner highlights hearty simplicity, often centered around meat and bread. Whether it’s a comforting roast with potatoes and red cabbage or the beloved schnitzel paired with fried potatoes, these dishes form the backbone of family meals shared between 6 and 7 p.m. This cherished time not only nourishes the body but also fosters familial bonds, providing an opportunity for conversation and connection.

In Germany, the evening meal holds a special place in culinary tradition, often referred to as Abendessen or Abendbrot, translating to ‘evening bread’. Unlike the substantial lunches enjoyed earlier in the day, dinner tends to be lighter, featuring a range of breads, hams, sausages, cheeses, and pickles.

This more relaxed condition is typically savored between 5 and 7 p.m., reflecting a cultural preference for earlier dining times. As families come together to participate in these evening repasts, they not only indulge in nourishing food but also hug the cherished ritual of shared meals and meaningful conversation.

Street Food

17. Doner Kebab

photo by Alex Kehr

Originating from Turkey but welcomed fervently in Germany, Doner Kebab stands as a beloved street food delight. Its popularity surged during World War II, particularly in Berlin, before spreading across Europe. This savory concoction of grilled meat, vegetables, and sauces nestled in warm bread has become a staple grab and go option for many, reflecting the multicultural culinary landscape of modern Germany.

18. Germknodel

photo by Benreis

Hailing from the Alpine regions, Germknodel is a cherished Austrian and Bavarian dessert, honored for its comforting warmth and sweet enjoyment. These delicate yeast dumplings, filled with plum jam, are served steaming hot, accompanied by decadent toppings like custard, whipped cream, and vanilla sauce. Traditionally enjoyed during the winter months, Germknodel expresses the heart of German culinary traditions, offering a delectable escape into cozy enjoyment.

19. Kartoffelpuffer

photo by Gourmandise

Also known as Reibekuchen, Kartoffelpuffer entices with its golden-brown crispness and hearty potato flavor. These potato pancakes, a winter favorite, can be savored as a side dish or the star of the meal, often accompanied by a range of delectable toppings like mashed apples, liverwurst, sour cream, or cinnamon. Whether enjoyed as a comforting snack or a satisfying meal, Kartoffelpuffer shows the warmth and simplicity of German street food culture.

20. Flammkuchen

photo by Katrin Gilger

Welcoming simplicity and flavor, Flammkuchen charms with its crispy flatbread base adorned with creme fraiche, bacon, and onions. This German and French fusion dish, also known as Tarte Flambée or Flammekueche, boasts minimal ingredients yet delivers maximum satisfaction. With its roots deeply rooted in authentic German cuisine, Flammkuchen offers a delightful interplay of textures and flavors, earning its place as a cherished street food delight.

See Also Family in Germany

Farm-to-Table Movement

photo by peggydavis66

Berlin, the cultural hub of Germany, boasts a flourishing farm-to-table dining scene that celebrates local produce and renewable practices. Stemming from a global movement toward organic and locally sourced food, farm-to-table dining in Berlin emphasizes the use of fresh, seasonal ingredients sourced from nearby farms and producers.

This culinary ethos not only promotes environmental stability but also offers diners a transparent and authentic dining experience, where the origin of each ingredient is showed on menus, forging a direct connection between the plate and the land it came from.

With an emphasis on locally-sourced ingredients, German diners can savor dishes crafted from the freshest vegetables, fruits, meats, and dairy products, all sourced from nearby farms and producers. This emphasis on seasonality and locality not only enhances the flavor and quality of the food but also supports small-scale producers and reduces the carbon footprint of the dining experience.

Moreover, farm-to-table restaurants in Berlin offer diners a unique opportunity to engage with the food system, providing insights into the origins of their meals and fostering a deeper appreciation for the farmers and producers who cultivate the ingredients.

Dining Etiquette

photo by alex roberts


1. Maintain Direct Eye Contact During Toasts: Whether it’s “Zum Wohl!” with wine or “Prost!” with beer, they maintain direct eye contact from the moment the glass is raised until it’s placed back on the table.

2. Wait for the Host’s Cue to Begin Eating: They refrain from starting their meal until the host has said, “Guten Appetit,” signaling that it’s time to dig in.

3. Use Utensils Properly: They hold the knife in their right hand and the fork in their left throughout the meal. When finished, they place them parallel to each other on the right side of the plate with the tips pointing to the ten o’clock position.

4. Observe Seating Etiquette: If attending a formal dinner, they honor seating arrangements, with the most honored positions at the head or center of the table. They follow the lead of their host for seating guidance.

5. Wait for Everyone to be Served: Before beginning to eat, they wait until all guests have been served their food. They refrain from starting until everyone is ready to begin.


1. Avoid Using Hands for Cutting Food: In Germany, knives are used only when necessary. They refrain from cutting foods that can be easily eaten with a fork, such as potatoes or lettuce in salads, as it’s considered unnecessary.

2. Don’t Refuse New Foods: In German culture, refusing to try new foods can be seen as an insult. They are open to trying unfamiliar dishes, and if they have allergies or dietary restrictions, they communicate politely to their hosts in advance.

3. Avoid Leaving Food on Your Plate: It’s considered impolite to leave food uneaten on their plate. They take only what they can eat and finish their meal gracefully, signaling completion by placing their utensils together on the plate.

4. Don’t Forget to Thank Your Hosts: Before leaving, they are sure to thank their hosts personally and bid farewell to everyone present. They show appreciation for the hospitality extended to them throughout the meal.

Global Influence and Popularity

photo by Xocolatl

German cuisine, represented primarily by Bavarian specialties, has made its mark on culinary scenes worldwide. From Thai night markets to South African deserts, German dishes like schnitzel, pork knuckle, and roast meat with dumplings are finding their way onto menus across continents, often in settings that evoke an Oktoberfest setting.

Despite historical disruptions and changing export patterns, German sausages remain popular globally, reflecting Germany’s reputation as a nation of meat eaters. While exports of choice poultry parts dominate, certain markets’ residue finds its way to Africa, where traces of German culinary influence still linger.

Dishes like roulade in Windhoek or pork knuckle in South Africa illustrate how German cuisine has become integrated into everyday dining experiences beyond its borders, often surpassing the Bavarian food served to tourists in some regions.

Key Takings About National Foods of Germany

1. Top 9 National Food of Germany: From Sauerbraten to Schnitzel, German classics like Bratkartoffeln and Rouladen exemplify hearty comfort food at its finest.

2. Traditional Dishes to Eat: Regional delights such as Labskaus and Rote Grütze show the diverse culinary heritage of Germany.

3. Spices: The Heart of German Cooking: A variety of spices and herbs adds depth and aroma to every dish, enhancing their flavor profiles.

4. German Family Dining: The cherished tradition of family meals brings loved ones together to share laughter, conversation, and, of course, delicious food.

5. Street Food: From Doner Kebab to Flammkuchen, German street food reflects a fusion of global influences and local flavors.

6. Farm-to-Table Movement: Berlin’s thriving farm to table scene underscores Germany’s commitment to sustainability and quality in dining.

7. Dining Etiquette: Observing time-honored customs adds elegance to the dining experience, whether at home or in a restaurant.

8. Global Influence and Popularity: German cuisine has over came borders, leaving its mark on culinary scenes worldwide, from Thai night markets to South African diners.