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Esquilino Neighborhood Rome: 24 Fascinating Facts

Welcome to our guide on the enchanting Esquilino Neighborhood in Rome! Curious about what makes Esquilino unique? Interested in its rich history and cultural mix? You’re in the right place. Join us as we explore the mysteries of this dynamic district.

In this article, we’ll explore Esquilino’s vintage landmarks, historic churches, and cultural highlights. From the iconic Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore to bustling markets and renowned eateries, discover the essence of this vibrant neighborhood, blending tradition with modernity!

4 Vintage Landmarks

Statua di San Giovanni Paolo II

Statua di San Giovanni Paolo II Photo by Wikipedia

The “Statua di San Giovanni Paolo II” depicts Saint John Paul II, the former Pope of the Catholic Church, in various locations worldwide. It symbolizes reverence for his papacy from 1978 to 2005 and his canonization in 2014. Despite admiration for his global outreach and efforts for peace, controversies exist, including his handling of sexual abuse scandals and conservative stances.

Tomb of Gian Lorenzo Bernini

Tomb of Gian Lorenzo Bernini Photo by Wikipedia

The Tomb of Gian Lorenzo Bernini, located in the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore in Rome, Italy, honors the celebrated Baroque artist. Its design is simple, featuring a plaque with his name and dates, often accompanied by a bust or relief. Bernini’s enduring impact on art and architecture is commemorated at this pilgrimage site, highlighting his significant contributions to the city’s cultural heritage.

Mura Aureliane e Acquedotto

Mura Aureliane e Acquedotto Photo by Wikipedia

The Mura Aureliane e Acquedotto, known as the Aurelian Walls and Aqueduct, are historic structures in Rome, Italy. Constructed in the 3rd century AD under Emperor Aurelian, they served as a defense against invasion, showcasing ancient Roman engineering. They symbolize Rome’s resilience and also supplied water to the city through aqueducts.

Amphitheatrum Castrense

Amphitheatrum Castrense Photo by Wikipedia

The Amphitheatrum Castrense, or Castrense Amphitheater, near the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano in Rome, Italy, served the Roman military for training and mock battles. Built in the 3rd century AD, it’s smaller than the Colosseum, with an elliptical design for around 1,200 spectators. Despite neglect, remnants offer insights into ancient Roman military life.

4 Churches in Esquilino Neighborhood

Basilica Papale di Santa Maria Maggiore

Church of Santa Maria Maggiore
Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore By Pierre-Selim Huard

The Basilica Papale di Santa Maria Maggiore, or Papal Basilica of Saint Mary Major, is one of Rome’s four major basilicas. Dating back to the 4th century AD, it’s dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Tradition links its foundation to a vision of Pope Liberius and a local couple.

With a blend of Romanesque, Baroque, and Renaissance styles, it’s adorned with intricate mosaics and frescoes. Notable artworks include the “Salus Populi Romani” icon and Bernini’s tomb. As a Papal Basilica, it’s a pilgrimage site for Catholics worldwide, embodying Rome’s spiritual essence.

Basilica of the Holy Cross in Jerusalem

Basilica of the Holy Cross in Jerusalem Photo by Wikipedia

The Basilica of the Holy Cross in Jerusalem, located in Rome, Italy, is a significant Catholic church with a rich history and religious importance. Constructed in the 4th century AD by St. Helena, it houses relics, including a fragment of the True Cross, attracting pilgrims seeking spiritual connection.

Its architecture blends Roman, Byzantine, and Baroque styles, adorned with stunning frescoes, mosaics, and sculptures. For Catholics, it serves as a place of worship and reflection on Christianity’s pivotal events.

Chiesa di Santa Maria del Buon Aiuto

Chiesa di Santa Maria del Buon Aiuto Photo by Wikipedia

The Chiesa di Santa Maria del Buon Aiuto, or Church of Saint Mary of Good Help, is a historic church in Rome, Italy. Dating back to the 16th century, it blends Renaissance and Baroque styles. Dedicated to the Virgin Mary, it serves as both a place of worship for Catholics and a cultural attraction for visitors.

Pontifical Sanctuary of the Holy Stairs

Pontifical Sanctuary of the Holy Stairs Photo by Wikipedia

The Pontifical Sanctuary of the Holy Stairs in Rome, Italy, holds great religious significance. These stairs believed to originate from Pontius Pilate’s Jerusalem palace, were brought to Rome by Saint Helena in the 4th century. Tradition holds that Jesus climbed these stairs during his Passion, and pilgrims ascend them on their knees.

4 Cultural Places to Visit

National Roman Museum – Palazzo Massimo

Interior of National Roman Museum – Palazzo Massimo Photo by Wikipedia

The National Roman Museum – Palazzo Massimo is a notable museum in Rome, Italy, featuring an extensive collection of ancient Roman artifacts. Located near Termini railway station, it displays sculptures, frescoes, mosaics, and other relics from the Republican era to the late Imperial period, including famous pieces like the Discus Thrower and the Boxer at Rest.

Archaeological Area of ​​Santa Croce in Gerusalemme

Archaeological Area of ​​Santa Croce in Gerusalemme Photo by Wikipedia

The Archaeological Area of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme, situated in Rome, Italy, holds historical significance. Near the Basilica of Santa Croce, it showcases ancient ruins, including remnants of Roman city walls and a villa. Associated with the legend of St. Helena, it provides insights into ancient Roman life. Ongoing excavations enrich our understanding of Rome’s past.

National Museum of Musical Instruments

National Museum of Musical Instruments Photo by Wikipedia

The National Museum of Musical Instruments in Rome, Italy, housed in Palazzo Barberini, features a wide-ranging collection spanning centuries. It showcases the evolution of music and instrument craftsmanship, with rare and historically significant pieces on display. Interactive exhibits offer insights into the cultural and artistic significance of music.

Palazzo Merulana

Palazzo Merulana Photo by Wikimedia

Palazzo Merulana, located in Rome’s Esquilino neighborhood, is a cultural hub for modern and contemporary art. Home to the Museo Carlo Bilotti, it exhibits works by acclaimed artists like Giorgio de Chirico and Giacomo Balla. The museum also hosts temporary exhibitions and cultural events, attracting art enthusiasts in the city.

2 Famous Movie Theaters


TeatroBasilica Photo by Wikimedia

TeatroBasilica in Rome’s Esquilino neighborhood is a distinctive cultural venue. It hosts various performances, blending art and spirituality, attracting audiences from near and far. The venue offers a memorable theatrical experience within a sacred setting.

Teatro Piccolo Esquilino

Teatro Piccolo Esquilino

Teatro Piccolo Esquilino stands out as a prominent theater in Rome, Italy, located in the lively Esquilino neighborhood. Hosting a range of performances, it provides a platform for both emerging and established artists, enriching the city’s cultural landscape. With its intimate atmosphere and different programs, the theater offers an enjoyable experience for theater enthusiasts.

See Also Parione Neighborhood (Rome)

3 Eateries and Hangouts

Gelateria Artigianale Il Capriccio di Carla Roma Monti

Gelateria Artigianale Il Capriccio di Carla Roma Monti

Gelateria Artigianale Il Capriccio di Carla Roma Monti is a well-known gelato shop located in Rome’s Esquilino neighborhood. It’s famous for its high-quality, handcrafted gelato made with fresh, locally sourced ingredients, offering a wide variety of flavors to suit different tastes.

Antica Bohéme

Antica Bohéme

Antica Bohéme, located in Rome’s Esquilino neighborhood, offers authentic Italian cuisine with fresh ingredients. Its charming ambiance and delicious food make it a top choice for locals and tourists alike, providing a memorable dining experience.

Enoteca Angelini dal 1890

Enoteca Angelini dal 1890

Enoteca Angelini dal 1890 is a historic wine bar in Rome’s Esquilino neighborhood, Italy. Established in 1890, it’s known for its extensive wine selection and cozy atmosphere, making it a favorite among locals and tourists alike.

3 Famous Parks

Giardini di Piazza Dante

Giardini di Piazza Dante Photo by Wikipedia

Giardini di Piazza Dante is a peaceful public garden in the heart of the city. The garden boasts lush greenery, colorful flowers, and benches where people can relax and enjoy the tranquility. It’s a beloved spot for locals and tourists alike, offering a peaceful retreat amidst the lively city atmosphere.

Villa Wolkonsky

Villa Wolkonsky Photo by Wikipedia

Villa Wolkonsky is the official residence of the British Ambassador to Rome, Italy. It is known for its elegant architecture and picturesque gardens, offering stunning views of the city. The villa hosts diplomatic events and cultural gatherings, strengthening ties between the UK and Italy. Its rich history and prestigious status symbolize diplomatic relations between the two countries.

Piazza Vittorio Emanuele II

Piazza Vittorio Emanuele II Photo by Wikimedia

Piazza Vittorio Emanuele II, commonly known as Piazza Vittorio, is a vibrant square in Rome, Italy. Named after the first king of Italy, it stands as one of the city’s largest squares, situated near the Termini train station.

Piazza Vittorio is renowned for its multicultural ambiance, reflecting the diverse communities of Rome. The square boasts a central garden area, surrounded by elegant buildings, cafes, and shops, making it a popular gathering spot.

4 Best Places to Take Photos

Busto di Bartolomé Mitre

Busto di Bartolomé Mitre Photo by Wikipedia

The “Busto di Bartolomé Mitre” in the Esquilino Neighborhood of Rome, Italy, pays homage to Bartolomé Mitre, a notable Argentine statesman and writer. Mitre’s presidency from 1862 to 1868 significantly shaped Argentina’s political landscape. Alongside his political role, Mitre made significant literary contributions to Argentine literature.

Arch of Sixtus V

Arch of Sixtus V Photo by Wikimedia

The “Arch of Sixtus V” is a historic monument located in Rome, Italy. Commissioned by Pope Sixtus V in the late 16th century, it stands as a symbol of his papal reign and urban development initiatives. Notable for its imposing structure and intricate Renaissance-style architecture, the arch reflects the papal influence on Rome’s urban landscape.

See Also Testaccio Neighborhood Rome

Busto di Manuel Belgrano

Busto di Manuel Belgrano Photo by Wikimedia

The Busto di Manuel Belgrano honors Manuel Belgrano, an Italian who played a crucial role in Argentine history. Despite his Italian origin, Belgrano significantly contributed to Argentina’s independence, notably designing its flag. Monuments like this bust, found in cities such as Buenos Aires and Rosario, commemorate his enduring impact on Argentina’s identity and struggle for freedom.

Casino Massimo Lancellotti (in Villa Giustiniani Massimo)

Casino Massimo Lancellotti (in Villa Giustiniani Massimo) Photo by Wikimedia

The Casino Massimo Lancellotti (in Villa Giustiniani Massimo)” stands as a significant structure in Rome, Italy. Situated within the Villa Giustiniani Massimo estate, it holds historical importance and is known for its architectural charm. Originally serving as a social venue for the aristocracy in the 19th century, the casino remains a symbol of Rome’s cultural heritage.

Esquilino Neighborhood: A Recap

The Esquilino neighborhood, located in the heart of Rome, is a vibrant melting pot of cultures and histories. Known for its multicultural atmosphere, this area offers a variety of culinary experiences and bustling markets.

Historic landmarks such as the Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore contribute to its charm. With colorful street art and lively piazzas, Esquilino exudes an energetic vibe, inviting exploration of ancient ruins and flavorful cuisines.

Whether wandering its streets or dining in its international restaurants, visitors to Esquilino encounter a dynamic fusion of traditions and modernity.