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Manchus

The Manchu (; ) are a Chinese ethnic minority and the people from whom Manchuria derives its name. They are sometimes called “red-tasseled Manchus” (; 红缨满洲), a reference to the ornamentation on traditional Manchu hats. Manchus form the largest branch of the Tungusic people and are distributed throughout China, forming the fourth largest ethnic group in that country. They can be found in 31 Chinese provincial regions. They also form the largest minority group in China without an autonomous region. Among them, Liaoning has the largest population and Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Inner Mongolia and Beijing has over 100,000 Manchu residents. About half of the population live in Liaoning province and one-fifth in Hebei province. There are a number of Manchu autonomous counties in China, such as Xinbin, Xiuyan, Qinglong, Fengning, Yitong, Qingyuan, Weichang, Kuancheng, Benxi, Kuandian, Huanren, Fengcheng, Beizhen and over 300 Manchu towns and townships.